Wednesday, June 10, 2009

NEW WORLD ORDER AND INDIA'S ROLE

Early thinkers believed that history would progress to a new world order through thesis,anti-thesis and synthesis.The twentieth century saw the emergence of a bipolar world with USA and USSR becoming the key players of it.Within few decades history witnessed the fall of USSR.USA then had the responsibility to establish a new democratic world order.It had the strength of emerging as the hub of a new Federal world.Unfortunately the great nation squandered the opportunity because of narrow selfish interests.Its government has failed to protect its own people from exploitation by transnational corporations. These corporations have created a centralized global system through marketing in which profit takes precedence over loyalty to nation as well as over concern for humanity.Many had high hopes on European Union.After all it was the first institutional expression of European cultural oneness and strong leadership would have turned that into a global socio-economic and cultural oneness.But it failed to go beyond Europe to promote the ideas of a democratic world order based on the principles of humanity,cooperation and universal brotherhood.
What USA and EU failed to achieve, their conceptual product Globalisation promises to achieve.It has opened Pandora's box for many upcoming nations- India and China leading the way.China holds over a trillion dollars in hard currency reserves, India's high-tech sector is growing by leaps and bounds, and both countries, already recognized nuclear powers, are developing blue-water navies. The National Intelligence Council, a U.S. government think tank, projects that by 2025, China and India will have the world's second- and fourth-largest economies, respectively. Such growth is opening the way for a multi polar era in world politics.
This tectonic shift will pose a challenge to the U.S.-dominated global institutions that have been in place since the 1940s. At the behest of Washington, these multilateral regimes have promoted trade liberalization, open capital markets, and nuclear nonproliferation, ensuring relative peace and prosperity for six decades -- and untold benefits for the United States. But unless rising powers such as China and India are incorporated into this framework, the future of these international regimes will be uncomfortably uncertain.
Before India can effectively play a global role it must do a lot more than achieve a 10% rate of growth. It must set its house in order.The government needs to prepare a vision document which might serve as a road map for policy in the coming decades. Only after such reform might India look beyond its borders as a global player. Only after a New Asian Order based on democratic federalism becomes a reality might India meaningfully turn its attention to UN reform, disarmament, or reform of world trade. The world now would ridicule the idea of India playing a leading role in shaping the New World Order. They would be mistaken. The world has entered an era in which brains can be more powerful than big bombs and big banks.
While lying in the gutter one can see the stars. One can dream of touching them. Achievement begins with a dream.And India certainly is proving that she has a dream-not of becoming a selfish global superpower like the US but to become an instrument to make the world a federal one and a much better place to live in.


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