Thursday, September 3, 2009

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

Artificial Intelligence is the intelligence of machines and it also refers to the section of science which seeks to create it.It is also known as synthetic intelligence or computational intelligence.The term was first coined by John McCarthy in 1956.He described it as " the science and engineering of creating intelligent machines". But AI does not have to confine itself to methods that are biologically observable.

The basic objective of this section of science is to create machines capable of thinking. Such machines will posses qualities like knowledge,planning, communication,reasoning,perception apart from the general ability to move and manipulate objects.Thus it will create a bridge between computer science and Linguistics,Psychology,logic,cognitive science and economics.In terms of moving and manipulating objects this field is very closely related to robotics.

It is widely being used in software development, game development especially chess,information analysis,speech recognition etc.However as there is no concrete definition of intelligence till now, the grading of AI or the success of it, is difficult to judge.

The following site may be useful for knowing more on the topic
http://library.thinkquest.org/2705/

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