Monday, September 7, 2009

INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES SCHEME (ICDS)

RELEVANT POINTS( SYNOPSIS FROM THE GOVERNMENT PUBLICATION ON THE TOPIC)

  • India is the home to the largest child population in the world
  • As per 2001 census, India has around 157.86 million children, constituting 15.42% of India's population
  • Children are the first call on agenda of human resource development – not only because young children are the most vulnerable, but because the foundation for life long learning and human development is laid in these crucial early years.
  • Launched on 2nd October 1975 in 33 Community Development Blocks, ICDS today represents one of the world’s largest programmes for early childhood development.Presently covers al the blocks and urban slums.
  • Presently it includes Kishori Shakti Yojana
Objectives of ICDS:

Lay the foundation for proper psychological development of the child

Improve nutritional & health status of children 0-6 years

Reduce incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school drop-outs

Enhance the capability of the mother and family to look after the health, nutritional and development needs of the child

Achieve effective coordination of policy and implementation among various departments to promote child development

Services

The Scheme provides an integrated approach for converging basic services through community-based workers and helpers. The services are provided at a centre called the ‘Anganwadi’. The Anganwadi, literally a courtyard play centre, is a childcare centre, located within the village itself. A package of following six services is provided under the ICDS Scheme:

Supplementary nutrition

Non-formal pre-school education

Immunization

Health Check-up

Referral services

Nutrition and Health Education

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