Any agriculture system has a duty towards feeding the earth and it has to fulfill this responsibility using safe and sustainable methods and technologies. Organic farming is a set of simple practices which bring into picture a diverse, healthy and sustainable crop production system, without the use of poisonous chemicals like pesticides and fertilisers. It is a responsible way of farming which ensures that healthy, chemical-free food is produced without harming the environment.
It is a fallacy that organic farming leads to loss in productivity - it is proven that after a short period of a drop in yields, organic farming is more productive than chemical farming. Organic farming is also cheaper to practice than chemical agriculture. It is turning out to be the only way to farm, taking into account farmer conditions, environmental conditions and the health needs of the consumer.
In India there are some negative fallouts of traditional way of farming.These are
- Loss of seed diversity
· 2. Contamination of water resources by pesticides - the twin controversies in 2003 regarding pesticide content in bottled drinking water and aerated beverages in
3.Falling ground water levels - agricultural chemicals require plenty of water to respond, hybrids also usually need more water compared to local varieties
· 4. Greater dependence of farmers for external inputs, and increased risks incurred by them on account of higher crop production expenses and lower net returns
5.Poor soil quality.
Some tested techniques of Organic Farming
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