Tuesday, April 28, 2009

Bhaktism and Sufism

  • Ramanuja lived in Kanchipuram and he was orthodox in thinking
  • Ramanand was the first Bhakti saint of North India to incorporate Hindi in his writings
  • Nimbarka believed in Vishistadvaita
  • Vallabhacharya propunded Shuddhadvaita and he preached from Srirangam.His philosophy was known as Pushtimarga and his school of thought Rudrasampradaya.He wrote Sahitya Ratna,Sur Sagar, Sur Sarawali.
  • Tulsidasa wrote Gitawali, Kavitawali and Vinay Patrika
  • In Janam Sakhi Nanak's encounter with Sufism is given
  • Ramanand wrote Dasabodha
  • Ramanuja wrote Gitabhashya and Srivashya
  • Centre of Bhakti in Maharashtra was Pandharpur
  • Prapatti was Complete surrender to God
  • Tazk-e -duniya was renunciation of the world
  • Nizamuddin Ahmad preached yogic breathing exercise and known as Shudh
  • Trinity of Bhakti in North India-Nanak, Kabir and Raidasa
  • Lyrical poems of Eknatha"Bhanga"
  • Namdev was influenced by Islam
  • Jalaluddin Bukhari, who teachings inspired Feroz Shah Tughlak was also known as Makhdum-i-Jahan or Jahanghast
  • Bahauddin Zakariya founded Shuhrawardi sect in India
  • Miyan Mir wrote Das Makhum Rekhta
  • Vallabhacharya visited the court of Krishna Deva Raya
  • Shaikh Ahmad Sarhindi, a Naqshbandi sufi saint was also known as Mujaddid Alif Sani
  • Abdul Haq was the only orthodox saint among all the Qadiriya saints whereas Shah Wali Ullah was the only moderate saint among the Naqshbandi saints
  • Rishi movement led by Nuruddin Rishi was popular in Kashmir
  • Beshahra- Not bound by Islamic laws
  • Qadiriya saints wore green turban
  • Khair ul majalis a ufi book written bu Hamid Qalandari was on Hamiduddin Nagauri
  • Ibn Arbi first gave the concept of Wahdahat ul Wajud
  • Dara and Jahanara were followers of miyan Mir
  • Except Nizamuddin all leading sufi saints were married
  • Quberiwa sect was popular in Kshmir
  • Ramananda took the name "Adbhuta"
  • Marifat or wasl was eternal bliss
  • Al Hujwiri wrote Kashful i Majhb
  • Nizamuddin Auliya saw the rule of seven rulers but visited the court of none
  • Vrindavan in the present state was identified by valabhacharya

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