Saturday, May 2, 2009

Freedom Struggle PART I ( Swadesi Movement to Civil Disobedience Movement)













  • Industrial conference began to be held from December 1905 onwards along with Congress sessions to promote the spirit of non militant Swadeshi
  • Krishna Kumar Mitra's Anti Circular Samiti was the only of its kind to induct Muslims and it boycotted the idea of Shivaji or Ganpati festivals because of their religious leanings
  • Surat Session of 1907 was scheduled to be held at Nagpur
  • Tilak was given the title Lokmanya during the course of Home Rule movement
  • Udham singh killed Gen Dyer
  • Tilak's case in 1916 was fought by a committee led by Jinnah
  • In 1916 Lucknow session Muslim league wanted under representation of the League in Muslim dominated provinces and over representation in Muslim majority provinces
  • Nava Bharat Sabha was formed against the autocratic rule of the Maharaja of Gwalior
  • 1908 Tuticorin Coral Meal Strike was led by Chidambaram Pillai and Subramaniyam Siva
  • Subramaniyam Bharti wrote poems hailing the Russian revolution of 1917
  • Subramaniyam Aiyer renounced Knighthood in protest of the arrest of Annie Besant in 1917
  • Lala Harkishan published Tribune and founded the Punjab National Bank
  • Gnanendra Nath Basu set up the first terrorist group of Bengal
  • Hemchandra Kanungo went to Paris to get military training
  • V.J Patel and GK Parikh enquired into the Kheda case
  • In Bardoli Kuverji Mehta founded Patidar Yuvak Mandal
  • Annie Besant believed in Fabian Socialism
  • Tilak wrote Arctic Home of the Vedas and Gita Rahasya
  • Bhagat Singh wrote"Door to Death"
  • Lala Hardayal wrote earliest Indian article on Marxism in Modern Review(1912)
  • Bipin Bihari Ganguly established Atmonnati Samiti
  • CR Das moved the resolution on Non Cooperation
  • Tilak first proposed the formation of a Congress working Committe in 1916
  • Sachin Sanyal wrote Bandi Jivan
  • Preetilata Waddedar was the first woman martyr of Modern India
  • Shyamji Krishna varma published Indian Sociologist
  • Madam Bhikaji Kama published Vandemataram from Paris and she founded Paris Indian Society
  • Lala Hardayal, Bhupebdranath Dutta and Virendranath Chatterjee founded Independence Committe and published Talwar from Berlin and also engaged in Zimmerman Plan with help from the Germans
  • GD Kumar published Swades Sevak and Tarak Nath Daas published Free Hindustan
  • Shankaran Nair was the first Indian to be appointed Advocate General of Madras.He resigned after the Jalianwalabagh massacre
  • Tilak Swaraj Fund was created after the Vijaywada session in March 1921
  • Rajani Pam Dutta in his India Today harshly criticized Gandhi
  • Highest number of delegates in any session of Congress was in Nagpur Session in 1921
  • Three Indians in the Hunter Commission wre Sultan Ahmad, Jagat Narayan and Chiman Lal
  • Mohanlal Pandya had started the No rent movement in Kheda
  • In November 1919 All India Khilafat Conference was held in Delhi with Gandhi as its President
  • Gandhi was not in favour of Luknow Pact
  • Vaikom Styagraha was led by K Kelappan, TK Madhavan and K P Menon
  • Nagpur Flag Satyagraha-1923
  • Independent Party was formed by Jinnah in 1923
  • Muddiman Committe was formed to enquire into the functioning of 1919 Act in 1927
  • Poona Pact was mediated by Madan Mohan Malavya
  • Khudai Khidmatgar was formally made a part of Congress in 1931
  • Shaikh Abdullah founded Muslim Conference in 1932 which was renamed as National Conference in 1938
  • Lee Modi Pact was signed in 1933 which stated that British will export more cotton clothes to India in exchange for more export of raw cotton from India
  • Demand for linguistic provinces was made a part of Congress resolution in 1920
  • Dange wrote Gandhi Vs Lenin
  • Nehru ,Besant, Jinnah, Patel all were present in the inaugural session of AITUC but Gnadhi kept himself aloof
  • Baba Ramachandra founded Kurmi Kshatriya Sabha
  • Raj narayan Bose gave call for Nationalism in late 1880s
  • Besant opposed Rowlatt Satyagraha.Was it because Gandhi too kept hiself aloof from Besant's Home Rule? Think...
  • Due to violence in Ahmedabad Gandhi called off Rowlatt Satyagraha
  • HRA was formed in 1924 in Kanpur
  • Abdul Bari of Lucknow supported Rowlatt Satyagraha
  • Organisation of Besant's Home Rule was much looser than that of Tilak and only 3 members could form a group
  • Khilafat committee was formed in Lucknow in 1919

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