Friday, May 8, 2009

GEOGRAPHY-GS-MINERALS,ENERGY

  • Power development in India commenced at the end of the 19th century with the
    commissioning of electricity supply in Darjeeling during 1897, followed by the
    commissioning of a hydropower station at Sivasamudram in Karnataka during 1902.
  • The Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC), the first multipurpose river valley project
    of the Government was set up in July 1948 for the unified development of Damodar
    Valley region spread over the States of Jharkhand and West Bengal
  • The Oil and Natural Gas Commission was established on 14 August 1956
  • GAIL ( India) limited, a ‘Navratana’ enterprise was established in the year 1984
    and is India’s principal nature gas transmission and marketing company.GAIL has also been operating its state-of-art telecommunication network.-GAILS’s telecom business unit- ‘GAILTEL’
  • At present, there are 18 refineries operating in the country (17 in the Public Sector and one in the Private Sector).
  • Anthracite coal found in Kalakot mine in J&K
  • Koteswar is a sub project of the Tehri dam project
  • NTPC established in 1975 and a Navratna company
  • Imp coal mines
Namchik Namphuk-Arunachal Pradesh
Langrin and Maolong-Meghalaya
Neyveli and Jayamkondacholapuram-TN
Baruch and Umarsar-Gujarat
Parabhur-Kerala
Palana- Rajasthan
Bokaro,Jharia,Giridh and Karanpura- Jharkhand
Rewa, Umaria, Korba,Satna,Pench,Tawa,Kana-MP
Kamptee-Maharashtra
Koteh-UP
Kodagundam,Ramagundam,Tandur-Andhra Pradesh
Talcher,Sambhalpur,Denkanal-Orissa

  • A project for setting up of a
    3.75 MW capacity demonstration tidal power project at Durgaduani Creek in the
    Sundarbans area of West Bengal Renewable Energy Development Agency
    (WBREDA) in February, 2008
  • India ranks 5th in the production of wind energy
  • Foreign Investment Implementation Authority (FIIA) was established in the
    Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry
  • Globally India is the second largest producer of silk and contriutes about 18% to the
    total world raw silk production. India has the unique distinction of being endowed
    with all the four varieties of silk, namely, Mulberry, Eri, Tasar, and Muga
  • Globally, India is the largest producer and second largest exporter of jute goods
  • Today, India is the fifth largest Crude steel producing country in the world
  • India today is the third largest producer of nitrogenous fertilizers in the world
    only behind China & USA
  • Coal is the main source of energy in the country and accounts for about 67 per cent of
    the country's commercial requirement
  • National Aluminium Company Limited (NALCO), largest integrated Alumina-
    Aluminium Plant Complex in India, was incorporated on 7th January, 1981 with its
    registered office at Bhubaneswar
  • Bharat Aluminium Company Limited (BALCO) was incorporated on 27th November,
    1965 as a Central Public Sector Undertaking with an integrated Alumina/Aluminium
    Complex and a 270 MW Captive Power Plant at Korba presently in Chhattisgarh.
  • As a result of the efforts of the Government in promoting the coir industry, India
    has retained its position as the largest producer and supplier of coir and coir products
    in the world market.
  • Champion Reef in Karnataka is the deepest mine in the world.It is famous for gold mining
  • Sagar Samriddhi is the Project by ONGC to drill oil in deep sea.Belford Dolphin is its drilling machine
  • Administered Price Mechanism on petroleum was dismantled in 2002
Oil Production Zones

Assam-Digboy, Nahar Katiya,Galki,Sibsagar,Moran Higrijan,Rudrasagar
Gujarat-Ankleswar,Khambat,Aliabet,Lunej,Kalol
Mumbai-Bassein
HP-Dharmsala and Bilaspur

Main Copper belts
Madhya Pradesh-Balaghat( Malanjkhad,Teregaon)
Rajasthan-Khetri, Singhana
Jharkhand-Raka,Dhobani,Mosaboni
Sikkim-Rangpo
Maharastra-Tajola

Lead- TN, AP(Agnigundala,Khammam,Nalgonda)
Silver-Tundoo(JRK),Zarwar

Bauxite
KBK District(Orissa),Amarkantak(MP),Shevroy hills(TN)
  • India produces 60% of world's mica.Main areas are Gaya,Bhagalpur,Giridh,Monghyr(Bihar) and Hazaribagh(JRK)
  • Monazite, the ore of Thorium found in Kerala
  • Jaduguda in Singhbhum, JRK, is famous for Uranium
  • India has the largest reserve of Kyanite
  • TN is the highest producer of Sulphur
  • Granite is known as Black Lead

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