Saturday, May 9, 2009

LAST MINUTE SUGGESTIONS-OPTIONALA HISTORY-Religious Renaissance In Ancient India

  • Posadha-fast in jainism at a place paryusana.It is recommended for 8 days for the Swetambaras and 15 days for digambaras
  • Bhagvati sutra is a jain canonical work
  • Chakravartin,Sushama-dushama all are Jain concepts
  • Syadvad amd nyayavad together are known as anekatavad
  • Parsvanath hailed from Benaras
  • Uposotha-fast in Buddhism and upasampada-initial conversion to buddhism
  • Pancha sila is a buddhist concept
  • Ajita founded ucchetabada and charbak founded lokayatabada
  • According to jainism there are 63 salaka purusha and 12 chakrabortins
  • The hymn of vajrayana sect was "Om mani padme hum".Tantricism is its part
  • Followers of mahasanghika-andhraka
  • asanga hailed from peshawar
  • Nagarjuna was a friend of Gautamiputra satakarni
  • Manjusri mulakalpya and guhyasamaja belong to tantricism
  • Kalamukha sect flourished in Karnataka
  • Mogapalli Tissa wrote kathavattu a work on Dipavamsa
  • Mahayana sect flourished in Central Asia,China and Japan, Sarvastivadin in Mathura and Kashmir whereas Hinayana in SE Asia
  • Vaja chaitya was circular
  • Vasa-retreat of buddhist monks in rain
Tithankaras Cognizance Sasandevata
Adinath Bull Chankreswari
Aristanemi Conchshell Ambika
Neminath Blue Lotus Gandhari
Parsvanath Snake Padmavati
Mahavira Lion Siddhyaika
  • Samvutavijaya was the first great pontiff after Mahavira
  • Nagarjuna founded Madhyamik karika or Sunyavada
  • Bhadrabahu wrote kalpasutra
  • Chedasutra and mulasutra parts of jainism
  • Mahakashyapa founded mahasanhika
  • Tirthankaras were known as ford makers
  • Asanga founded Yogachara school and wrote sutralankar and yogachatabhumishastra
  • Utsarpini or period of improvement and avsarpini or period of decline are parts of Jainism
  • Mahakacchayan of Avanti founded Theravada.Its text in sanskrit
  • Names of 22nd and 23rd Tirthankara Arishtanemi and Parsvanath can be found in Vishnu Purana and Bhagavat Purana
  • Rahulvadra founded sarvastivada
  • Buddha intended to visit Asita, and meet his former teachers, Alara Kalama and Uddaka Ramaputta to explain his findings, but they had already died.
  • Buddha's first sermon at sarnath
  • Located on the fringes of Sravasti is the Jetavana Vihara, the monastery where the Buddha delivered the maximum number of sermons. Here the Anandabodhi tree stands as an eternal witness to the vicissitudes of history. This sacred tree was brought as a cutting from the Bodhi tree in Anuradhapura in Sri Lanka, which itself grew from a sapling of the original Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya.
  • Shramana- ascetics of unorthodox sects
  • Khuddaka Nikaya of Sutta pitaka contains Therigatha,jataka,Theragatha,Dhammapada and suttanipatta
  • Vaipulya sutra,prajna paramita,sadharma pudharika,gnadha vyuha and avatamsaka belong to Buddhism
  • Abhinava gupta founded Trika a form of saivism in Kashmir
  • Syadvada or mayness is a reality has close affinity to Samkhya system
  • Devadhi kshamasharana presided over the 2nd jain council held at vallabhi
  • Maitryeanath wrote Vigyanavada
  • Protima or Gnanasthana-11 stages to attain Kaivalya

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