Tuesday, May 12, 2009


  • To promote and propagate understanding of Indian art, both within and outside
    the country, the Government of India established Lalit Kala Akademi (National
    Akademi of Arts) at New Delhi in 1954. The Akademi has regional centres called
    Rashtriya Lalit Kala Kendras at Lucknow, Kolkata, Chennai, Garhi in New Delhi
    and Bhubaneswar.The Akademi brings out bi-annual art journals, Lalit Kala Contemporary (English), Lalit Kala Ancient (English) and Samkaleen Kala
  • On 28 January 1953, Sangeet Natak Akademi was inaugurated by the then President of
    India, Dr Rajendra Prasad
  • The National School of Drama (NSD) - one of the foremost theatre institutions in the
    world and the only one of its kind in India was set up by Sangeet Natak Academy in
    1959. Later in 1975, it became an autonomous organization, totally financed by
    Department of Culture
  • Sahitya Akademi is the Indian National Academy of Letters meant to promote the
    cause of Indian literature through publications, translations, seminars, workshops,
    cultural exchange programmes and literary meets organized all over the country. The
    Akademi was founded in March 1954 as an autonomous body fully funded by the
    Department of Culture.
  • The Anthropological Survey of India is a premier research organisation under the
    Ministry of Culture
  • The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) was established in 1861. It functions as an
    attached office of the Department of Culture. The organisation is headed by the
    Director General.
  • The National Museum Institute of History of Art, Conservation and Museology, New
    Delhi, an autonomous organisation fully funded by the Ministry of Culture was
    established and declared a Deemed to be University in 1989.
  • The Minimum Wages Act, 1948 provides for fixation, review, revision and enforcement
    of minimum wage, both by the Central Government and the State Government, in
    respect of scheduled employments in their respective jurisdictions. There are 46
    scheduled employments in the Central sphere whereas the number of these
    employments in the State sphere is 1542.
  • The Payment of Wages Act, 1936 was enacted to regulate payment of wages to workers
  • The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965 provides for payment of bonus to employees as
    defined under the Act. According to the Act, “employees” means any person (other
    than an apprentice) employed on a salary or wage not exceeding Rs. 3,500/- per
    month in any industry to do any skilled or unskilled, manual, supervisory, managerial,
    administrative, technical or clerical work for hire or reward. However, according to
    Section 12 of the Act, the bonus is payable to employees whose salary or wage exceed
    Rs. 2,500/- per month, has to be calculated as if his salary or wage were Rs. 2,500/-
    per month
  • Consistent with the constitutional provisions, the Child Labour (Prohibition
    and Regulation) Act, 1986 was enacted replacing the Employment of Children Act,
    1938. The Act seeks to prohibit employment of children below 14 years in hazardous occupations and processes and also regulates the working conditions of children in
    other employments. In the last 5 years, the number of hazardous ‘occupations’ listed
    in the Schedule of the Act has increased from 7 to 13 and ‘processes’ from 18 to 57 on
    the recommendations of the Technical Advisory Committee.
  • The issue of ‘bonded labour’ came to forefront in national politics, when it was
    included in the old 20-Point Programmed in 1975.To implement this, Bonded Labour
    System (Abolition) Ordinance was promulgated. This was later replaced by the
    Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976.
  • The Government had constituted a National Commission on Enterprises in the
    Unorganised/Informal Sector under the chairmanship of Dr. Arjun Sengupta to look
    into the problems of the enterprises in the unorganised sector
  • V.V. Giri National Labour Institute, NOIDA
  • Prasar Bharati is the public service broadcaster in the country, with All India Radio
    and Doordarshan as its two constituents. It came into existence on 23 November
    1997, with a mandate to organise and conduct public broadcasting services to inform,
    educate and entertain people and to ensure balanced development of broadcasting
    on radio and television
  • Radio Broadcasting started in India in the early 1920’s. The first programme was
    broadcast in 1923 by the Radio club of Bombay. This was followed by setting up
    Broadcasting Services in 1927 with two privately-owned transmitters at Bombay
    and Calcutta. The Government took over the transmitters in 1930 and started
    operating them under the name of Indian Broadcasting Service. It was changed to
    All India Radio (AIR) in 1936 and it came to be known as Akashvani from 1957.
  • Doordarshan, a Public Service Broadcaster, is among the largest terrestrial television
    network in the world. The service was started in New Delhi on 15 September 1959
  • Commencement of regular television service as part of All India Radio
    commenced in Delhi (1965); Mumbai (1972); Kolkata (1975), Chennai (1975).
    Doordarshan was established on 15 September 1976.A major landmark
    thereafter was the introduction of colour television in 1982 coinciding with the 9th
    Asian Games held in New Delhi
  • Orissa had the distinction of publishing newspapers in 18 out of 23 principle languages. Maharashtra came next with publication in 17 languages followed by Delhi with publications in 16 principle languages
  • India’s largest news agency, Press Trust of India (PTI) is a non-profit sharing
    cooperative owned by the country’s newspapers with a mandate to provide efficient
    and unbiased news to all subscribers. Founded on 27 August 1947, PTI began
    functioning from 1 February 1949.Bhasha is the Hindi language news service of the agency.
  • UNI distributes world news from Reuters, the world’s largest information
    company. Besides, it has news exchange arrangements with Xinhua of China, RIA
    Novosti of Russia, UNB of Bangladesh, Anadolu of Turkey, WAM of the United
    Arab Emirates, GNA of Bahrain, KUNA of Kuwait, ONA of Oman and QNA of
    Qatar and CNA of Taiwan.
  • The tribal people of India, who come under the category of ‘Scheduled Tribes’ (STs) in
    terms of the provisions of the Constitution of India, number 8.43 crore--constituting
    8.2 per cent of the population of the country (Census 2001).
  • The term ‘‘Scheduled Tribes’’ is defined in the Constitution of India under Article
    366(25) as ‘‘such tribes or tribal communities or parts of groups within such tribes or tribal
    communities as are deemed under Article 342 to be Scheduled Tribes for the purposes of this Constitution’’. Article 342 prescribes the procedure to be followed in the matter of
    specification of Scheduled Tribes
  • The term ‘‘Scheduled Tribes’’ is defined in the Constitution of India under Article
    366(25) as ‘‘such tribes or tribal communities or parts of groups within such tribes or tribal
    communities as are deemed under Article 342 to be Scheduled Tribes for the purposes of this Constitution’’. Article 342 prescribes the procedure to be followed in the matter of
    specification of Scheduled Tribes
  • While women (including female child 0-14 years) consititute 48%
    of total population, the children (male and female 0-14 years) consititute 35% of total
  • STEP : Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women (STEP) was
    launched as a Central Sector Scheme in 1987
  • Swayamsidha is an integrated scheme for the development and
    empowerment of women
  • The Swadhar Scheme was launched by the Department during the year
    2001-2002 as a Central Sector Scheme for providing holistic and integrated services
    to women in difficult circumstances, such as destitute widows deserted by their
    families in religious places like Vrindaban and Kashi, women prisoners released
    from jail and without family support; women survivors of natural disasters who
    have been rendered homeless and are without any social and economic support,
    trafficked women/girls, rescued or runaway from brothels or other places or victims
    of sexual crimes, who are disowned by family or who do not want to go back to their
    family for various reasons, women victims of terrorist violence who are without any
    family support, mentally challenged women who are without any support of family
    or relatives etc.
  • NATIONAL YOUTH POLICY, 2003.The age group of the Youth, as per the National Youth Policy, 2003, is 13 to 35 years.
  • The Sports Authority of India (SAI) was established by the Government of India in
    January 1984
  • There are 75 primitive tribal groups in the country

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